Monday, 14 October 2019


The secret of making a good fire lies in remembering the fire triangle, and understanding that combustion will not occur until you've raised your fuel to the correct temperature. Imagine trying to ignite a log using only a match. It won't bum, because the match doesn't supply enough heat to get the log up to temperature. If you use the same match to light a piece of dry grass, however, the grass will burn, So, in order to start a fire, we need material that will combust with a tiny Rame or even a spark. This is called tinder. Good materials for tinder include:
  • dry grass
  • pine cones
  • birch bark
  • cotton wool
  • the insides of tampons
  • empty birds' nests
  • char cloth 
If you see good tinder, grab it, stash it, and keep it dry. You don't want to be hunting around for the stuff when your life depends on it.

Ideally you'll have waterproof matches in your survival pack. Use these to light your tinder, or use one of the alternative methods below.

Once your tinder is ignited, you still need to keep things small because there won't be enough heat to ignite large pieces of fuel. This is the kindling stage. Think dry leaves and small twigs-as dry as possible (twigs should snap easily). Add them gradually to the flame, making sure you don't smother it by starving it of oxygen.

Only when you have a decent blaze should you start adding larger pieces of fuel. But do it gradually never rush things. Remember the old adage: look after a fire when it small, and it will look after you when it big.

Having said that, keep it small. In general, small fires are best, because:
  • They’re easy to manage
  • they use less fuel
  • they’re less likely to get out of control
  • in most situations ,a small fire will perform all the life-saving functions as successfully as a big one

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