Violent gains, power struggles, and popular grievances have led to social divisions, political instability in many countries, and constant conflicts.
1.1 Myanmar coup in 2021
The 2021 Myanmar military coup begins on February 1, 2021. The military detained the State Counsellor of Myanmar Aung San Suu Kyi, President Win Myint and other senior figures from the ruling National League for Democracy (NLD) in an early morning raid, hours before Myanmar’s new parliament was set to meet for its first session. The military declared a state of emergency for a year, it handed over all executive, legislative and judicial powers to Senior General Min Aung Hlaing.
The Myanmar's election commission on November 8, 2020 announced the final results of the country's general election, Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy party captured 396 out of 476 seats polls, outperformed its landslide victory in 2015, and allowing them to form the government for another five years. The military-backed Union Solidarity and Development Party won only 33 seats. The Myanmar military raised objections to the results of the election. The military claimed that there were election fraud and fraud in the election.